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The Choreography of Speech : Introducing Gesture Studies

  • Code Apogée

    2MIAM33

  • Composante(s)

    UFR Langues et Civilisations

  • Période de l'année

    Printemps

Description

Speakers are social movers (Birdwhistell 1970) who physically engage in communication. Their bodily moves are not random but patterned – and always meaningful. In this seminar we learn to observe how speech is “orchestrated to a choreography of the human body” (Asher 1972). We look at the way meanings - abstract or concrete - are physically produced and enacted on the socio-interactional stage. We start by observing facial expressions and co-speech gestures in silent movies. We gradually become aware that speech production necessarily comes with gestural action.

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Objectifs

Understanding how vocal activity  combines with other forms of semiotic expression. Getting a grasp on the interpersonal, cohesive and representational properties of gesticulation.. Eliciting the pragmatic and representational functions of head tilts and nods, eyebrow activity, movements of the hands and arms, etc. Learning how to observe, record and interpret gestural activity and gestural symbolism in context. Discovering how  gesture can help  teachers and pupils in language education. Experimenting with “intersemiotic translation”: the conversion of spoken or written discourse into different sign systems (e.g. mime, tableau vivant, dance compositions). 

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Heures d'enseignement

  • The Choreography of Speech : Introducing Gesture Studies - TDTravaux Dirigés12h
  • The Choreography of Speech : Introducing Gesture Studies - CMCours Magistral12h

Contrôle des connaissances

Attendance & engagement (30 %) + learning diary with guided entries and follow-up activities (70 %).

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Syllabus

No prior knowledge of linguistics or gesture semiotics is required since we start from scratch. Theories of gesture and movement are brought into the picture that go beyond gesture semiotics: Jousse’s anthropology of gesture; Turner’s anthropology of performance; Schechner’s performance theory and Laban’s theory of modern educational dance. Studenst of art, comics, literature and drama, as well as political science or media studies might find this course useful to analyse gesture, posture, gait and demeanour in a variety of (socio-historical) settings.

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Informations complémentaires

This multimodal course resembles no other, in that combines formal research seminars, animated classroom discussions, creative workshop sessions and film screenings.  

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Bibliographie

All the necessary course material will be made available through e-campus, including a selection of academic papers and book exercerpts.

 

For further reading:

  • CALBRIS, Geneviève et Louis PORCHER 2009 [1989]. Geste et communication. Paris : Didier
  • KENDON, Adam. 2004. Gesture. Visible Action as Utterance. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
  • LABAN, R. 1963. Modern Educational Dance. London : Madonald & Evans
  • MCNEILL, D. 1992. Hand and Mind. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
  • STREEK, Jürgen. 2009.  Gesturecraft. The manu-facture of meaning. Amsterdam : John Benjamins.
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Compétences visées

Observing and analysing the patterned moves made by humans: co-speech gesticulation but also  the expressive movements made by actors and dancers on the stage. Developping one's own expressive potential as as speaker-mover.

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